Remember our “rabbit hole”? Here is where my research took a new direction and like Alice in Wonderland, down I went into the ancestral void. Allow me to explain!
One of my favorite genealogy resources is Newspapers.com. Old newspapers can yield an amazing amount of information not found anywhere else. As I was scanning through local papers, searching for any clue to our missing children, I began seeing a pattern of references for Raffaele Genetti spanning about 35 years. Many of the clippings fell under the category of license submissions. Noting the dates, I realized they formed a chronological history of Raffaele’s business dealings.
I placed all of the clippings in order according to date beginning in 1895 and extending through 1923. Here’s what I found: Every February anyone involved in the food and liquor industry had to apply for a license to operate or continue operating a business. During the month of March, applications were reviewed and licenses granted at the end of that month. However, there seemed to be only a limited number of licenses available each year. Therefore a proprietor may be shut out of the process and not receive a license for the upcoming year.
The first year I found Raffaele referenced was 1895, applying for a liquor license in Black Creek Township, PA. It appears he was not granted a license for that year. In 1897 he applied again under a restaurant license in the village of “Hopeville”. The license was granted and we can assume that year was the beginning of his saloon business. But I wondered – where in the world was Hopeville? Although there are many little townships in the Hazleton area, I had never heard of this village. After a good bit of searching, I found an online history explaining that Weston was originally called Hopeville. Sometime after 1900 the village changed its name to its current moniker. One mystery solved!
So now we know Raffaele is attempting to establish a business in Weston around 1897. But it’s not until a few years later when he is finally granted a liquor license for his restaurant. We also see that in 1900 he has a license to operate a butcher shop in Union Township East, Schuylkill County. Raffaele’s sister, Angeline Genetti Recla, is the proprietor of a dry goods store in that township catering to miners in Schuylkill County. Since Raffaele and Lucia lived right next door to Angeline, we probably can assume he maintained a butcher business in collaboration with his sister’s store.
Considering these public records, this verifies Raffaele was attempting to build a new business in Weston while at the same time maintaining his original business in East Union before moving his family to his future boarding house establishment in Luzerne County.
From another article published in The Miners Journal dated July 1904, all did not go smoothly for Raffaele’s businesses. It reads:
WANTS $5,000 DAMAGES
Wilkesbarre, July 19 – An action for damage was yesterday commenced by Rafael Genetti, of Hazleton, against Anna R. Davis, of the same place. The plaintiff claims that owing to scandalous words uttered by the defendant about him he believes that his reputation has been damaged to the amount of $5,000 and he brings the suit to recover this amount.
The specific statement of which the plaintiff complains is to the effect that Genetti peddled meat that was not fit to eat and that he took some church money.
When I Googled the value of $5,000 from 1904 translated into today’s terms, I received the answer of a “relative inflated worth” of: $150,116. Obviously Raffaele was very serious about the claims made against him, so much so, that he brought a substantial lawsuit against the alleged defendant. And considering the woman’s claim that he had stolen money from the church, this was a direct personal attack against his reputation. If you remember from our previous posts, I mentioned a disagreement Raffaele had with the Weston priest. It’s a pretty good bet that this claim was the source of his anger! I could find no further reference in the papers for this lawsuit. We don’t know whether the court ruled in favor of Raffaele or the lawsuit was dropped.
The bad luck streak continued, with Raffaele’s liquor license denied during the years 1905, 1906 and 1907. Perhaps the lawsuit and alleged claims had something to do with the denial of his license. By 1908 things turned around and he once again regained his license to sell liquor at his Weston saloon. And in 1910 Raffaele was granted a license to operate a hotel and farm in Black Creek Township, Luzerne County, thus expanding his business holdings.
Of course, everything changed in 1920 with passage of the Prohibition Amendment. And sure enough, in an article dated February 1923, we find the following incident reported: “… agents had raided the saloons of Raffaele Genetti at Weston and Andrew Enama at Nuremberg where he secured a quantity of whisky and wine.” The article describes how local constables had turned a blind eye for several years to illegal liquor sales as well as gambling taking place at neighborhood businesses. Not trusting the local police to uphold prohibition laws, federal agents descended upon the area in 1923, raiding many businesses in Luzerne and Schuylkill counties.
Raffaele along with 23 other local “speak-easy” owners were arrested for “manufacturing, selling and possessing liquor, stills, spirits, coloring extracts and mash”. The paper continued: “The defendants arraigned were all held under $1,000 bail for court.” And: “The federal authorities will attempt to impose jail sentences upon the principals in every case.”
Considering how many businessmen were hauled into court at this time, Raffaele was certainly not the only saloon owner attempting to keep his business open by selling illicit booze. We even see a reference about illegal alcohol in Stanley Genetti’s biography, describing his brief dealings in the early 1920’s with a local bootlegging gang (see pages 21 – 22 of Stanley’s biography).
On April 3, 1923, Raffaele went before the court accused of “selling high voltage beverages.” Unfortunately we don’t know the outcome of the trial as I can find no follow-up reports in the 1923 newspapers nor can I find any court documents from that time.
But all was not lost! We know Raffaele bounced back from this set-back. From the memories of Raffaele’s granddaughter, Helene Smith Prehatny, we learn the former saloon/ dance hall was used from time to time for gatherings and events. Newspaper advertisements from the late 1920’s and early 1930’s announce public dances held at Raffaele’s establishment, proclaiming the “Big Tyrolean Dance at Genetti’s Hall Weston. Everyone welcome – good music!”
Raffaele concentrated his business efforts on farming and raising chickens, with help from his sons, who were by now grown men.
In 1933, the Prohibition amendment was repealed, allowing saloon owners to once again provide legal alcoholic libations to the public.
From the photos we have of Raffaele, I always thought him to be a dashingly handsome man. But now I also knew him as an interesting and colorful individual! You have to admit, the Genetti family was never boring!
Family Memories by Helene Smith Prehatny
4 comments (I am from this area)
A. Angelo Raphael “Ralph” GENETTI settled in Sheppton (adjacent to Onieda, both East Union Twsp.) when he first arrived, then Mahanoy City. Moved to Weston to open a butcher shop (well known for his Tyrolean sausage). Opened Genetti’s Cafe in Weston and ran a large dance hall there. (Notes I have collected from my Tyrolean relatives)
B. The house at the top (east side) of First St. in Onieda was originally the “company store” run by Coxe Brothers coal company. The Recla family has owed it all of my life (as a store when I was young, now there is a Recla’s auto repair/transmission business in a new building adjacent to the lot. I will try to confirm this with my great aunt Emma “Emily” (nee Fellin) Balko)
C. Weston is due north of Onieda (down the north face of Green mountain, across the “Big Valley” (now Eagle Rock resort community) and up and over the Buck mountain. Sounds arduous, but all my relatives would walk such trips each day and night to get to work at the Sheppton/Onieda coal mines or the breaker just north of Onieda.
D. There may be more to the story of WHEN and WHY he purchased a farm. Even a 10 acre field of Rye was sufficient to supply a year long bootleg whiskey business The federal revenue agents would look for farms that grew rye acreage out of proportion to normal family or livestock needs and would suspect bootleg liquor was being made by the owner.
Thanks you for this information Larry. Several of Raffaele’s grandchildren read this blog and I have met them at Genetti family reunions. My family line from Damiano Genetti and Raffaelle’s family are double cousins – two brothers married two sisters. Lucia Zambotti (Raffaele’s wife) was the sister of Damiano’s wife Olivia. And of course you know that Damiano and Raffaele were brothers. When Damiano returned to America in 1902 he began his own butcher business known for Tyrolean sausage. My grandfather and his brothers continue the tradition of sausage making and it was sold at their grocery stores throughout the Hazleton area.
Oooops! That was suppose to say “Oliva” not “Olivia”. Damn autocorrect!!! The name “Oliva” in Italian means olive.
Larry – The Recla store was owned by Angeline and Ralph Recla. Angeline was Raffaele and Damiano’s sister. When Ralph Recla died in 1896 leaving Angeline with a family to raise, she continued to run the store. Angeline also built a small chapel in Oneida for the miners. Several of her grandchildren also read this blog.
Louise, thank you so much for my grandfather’s story. I only knew him as an older man. So much of what you wrote, I had no knowledge. He had a very strong character. Now I see how that developed.
You’re welcome Helene! I was surprised to find all of this information about your grandfather. It was quite a story that unfolded!
Something came to my mind after I sent the comment. About that 4 acre farm: When you brought up about the 10 acre farms for growing rye – my grandfather’s farm was originally twice the size. My Uncle Cap Hayden, my Aunt Leona’s husband, had gotten it from my grandfather years before and farmed it. It may have had a different purpose originally ?
Helene – the comment you refer to was made by Larry Croll. I don’t know or would not guess at the purpose for the farm. I only published facts as I find them in public records.
Another item. I’m from Weston and did not know it was originally called Hopeville.